Department of Chemistry, Physics, & Geology

Semester: Spring 2023                 Course: PHYS 202L - General Physics II Laboratory.
Credit hours:
0                        Co-requisite: PHYS 202                

Professor: Dr. Ponn Maheswaranathan (Mahes).

Office Hours: T & Th 11-12:30, T 3-4:30, and W 1-2 (Sims 213-B) and virtual (  WebLink) by appointment.  
Cell Phone: 803-504-9399, E-mail:

Textbook: College Physics, by OpenStax, Free Online Textbook     

Lab Hand-outs can be accessed through the links provided in the lab schedule below.                    

Course Objectives:

University-Level Competencies:

General Physics II introduces students to the role of scientific reasoning in solving introductory physics problems using algebra & trigonometry (e.g. calculating entropy changes in thermodynamics, calculating magnetic field due to electric currents, and analyzing circuits). They will apply the scientific methodologies of inquiry during the laboratory, PHYS 202L, and write well-reasoned conclusions. They will also be introduced to the history of scientific discovery (e.g., topics and devices are introduced with historical perspectives) and learn that the theories in physics evolve into laws after continuous re-evaluations and arguments. In addition they will see how scientific advances made in a laboratory transform into useful technological devices (e.g., the development of the transistor from vacuum tube to silicon chip).   

After the completion of the lab, you need to do a post-lab quiz, before midnight Friday, in the PHYS 202 BB page.   This will carry 10% of the lab score. The paper copy of the completed lab handout is due at the beginning of the next lab. The lab report (created by inserting data tables, graphs, and conclusion in the electronic copy of the lab handout) is due before the beginning of the next lab, through the PHYS 202L BB page, will carry 90% of the lab score. 

Guidelines for the in person laboratory:
1. You must read the lab-handout and the relevant materials from the textbook before the lab period and be prepared for the laboratory.
2. You need to wear mask and follow social distancing in the lab, if required.
3. The laboratory equipment will be kept in a cart, return them to the cart, at the completion of your lab work.                            

Lab Schedule:

Lab #

Date (Wed & Thursdays)







Charge and Field        


Feb. 1 - 2  (meets in Sims 207)   




Ohm's Law


Feb. 15-16



Feb. 22-23



Mar. 01-02

Electromagnetic Induction    





Mar. 22-23

Measuring e/k

10 Mar. 29-30 Reflection & Refraction  


Apr. 05-06 

Spherical Mirrors and Lenses


Apr. 12-13

Wave Phenomena


Apr. 19-20


Pl do Lab Course Evaluations and submit
the confirmation page in BB. Due 4/25/2023.



 Course Codes:                                 W2(001): 23675

                                W5(002): 23815 

R2(003): 25402


Lab Reports:  At the completion of each lab every student is required to turn in a lab write-up with a conclusion. Students are encouraged to be creative with their conclusions and explain whether or not their results are accurate. If the results are not close to the accepted values, student are expected to give reasons for any discrepancies. The conclusion section is the part of the lab which is most important to check for student comprehension of the topic.

How to write a conclusion?

* Conclusion is the most important part of your report. It is a brief summary-paragraph, about half a page, primarily reflecting about the laboratory experience. You must write your own conclusion, after completing the data collection and analysis. It must be written as the last piece and attached as the last piece, after data tables and graphs.

* Conclusion should state things that are unique for your investigation which can be accomplished by including values of the experimentally determined physical quantities.  Just remember that you cannot write your conclusion without completing your experiments or investigations. General statements like "I have determined the densities of given solids" and "Human Error" are not acceptable.

Conclusion Points are listed for 10 point total lab report score:

* Start your conclusion by re-stating the purpose with appropriate changes (0.2 pt). Then you need to briefly state (don’t repeat procedure) how you conducted the experiment and collected the data (0.2 pt). Continue this with summarizing your results (make it unique by listing your experimental values) (0.2 pt), referring to the data tables and graphs when appropriate, and answer the purpose (0.2 pt). Then you need to discuss about some of the difficulties you had, errors and their possible causes, and suggestions for improvement (0.2 pt). Describe your reasoning using physics terminology and principles and reflect extensively. You should explain as completely as possible what goes through your mind that leads you to your conclusion.