CHEM408-001                                 Physical Chemistry II (CRN 21304)                                      Spring 2022

                               MWF 11:00-12:15, MW Sims 112, F Zoom (3 credit hours)


Dr. Maria C. Gelabert Artiles

Office/Phone: 314A Sims Science Building/803-323-4939

Office Hours – M 12:30-1:30 (Sims 305), F 3:30-4:30 Zoom, or by appointment

Course Content

The second semester of physical chemistry contains the major topics of quantum mechanics, bonding, and spectroscopy, with statistical thermodynamics and an introduction to solid state chemistry. We will progress from atomic to molecular structure with different qualitative models and computational chemistry, then extend to rotational, vibrational and electronic spectroscopy. The solid state section will include bonding, defects, electronic behavior, optical properties and nanoscience.

Lecture Schedule

Required Materials

Physical Chemistry, Ball, Cengage Learning 2015. (print or eText)

Spartan Student Edition, v. 8 ($25 with coupon code WINTHROP25)

Recommended Materials

Barrante, J.R. Applied Mathematics for Physical Chemistry, 3rd ed. Waveland Press: Long Grove, 2016.

Engel, T. Quantum Chemistry & Spectroscopy. Pearson: New York, 2013.

Smart, L.E.; Moore, E.A. Solid State Chemistry: An Introduction, 3rd ed. Taylor & Francis: New York, 2005.

University Competencies

Competency 1: Winthrop graduates think critically and solve problems. You will deepen your understanding of chemistry and practice various levels of problem-solving.

Competency 2: Winthrop graduates are personally and socially responsible. By furthering your knowledge and skill in your career path, you practice scientific responsibility.

Competency 3: Winthrop graduates understand the interconnected nature of the world and the time in which they live. You will connect with your instructor and peers, with the understanding that good communication translates into effective science communication to the broader community.

Competency 4: Winthrop graduates communicate effectively. You will practice written and oral communication.

Learning Outcomes and Products

Upon completion of this course, students will demonstrate their mastery with problem solving skills:

·       Identification of specific physical chemistry topics and applicable mathematics;

·       Ability to use and carry mathematics forward for problem solving;

·       Critical assimilation of simple problem solving to handle more complex tasks.

Student Conduct Code

As noted in the Student Conduct Code: ''Responsibility for good conduct rests with students as adult individuals.'' Policy on academic misconduct is outlined in Section V of the Student Conduct Code in the Student Handbook.


Lecture Logistics (MW Sims 105, F Zoom 846 9199 5112/850336)




Lecture to 12:15

11:00 Quiz/Exam

11:00 Homework due


11:00-≈11:20 Quiz

Lecture to 12:15 (recorded)


Homework problems (2-4), many from textbook, will be assigned after each class meeting, and in-class questions are expected at the beginning of the next meeting. Keys for the textbook problems are available on Blackboard. Problems assigned on Monday will generally be non- textbook and are due for a grade AT THE BEGINNING OF CLASS on Wednesday. Assignments are expected to be done by hand on loose leaf paper. No electronic submissions. Assignments that are early (email if leaving under the door of Sims 314A) or (rarely) passed along by trusted friends are welcome. Late submissions will not be accepted.

Quizzes (1-2 problems) will be unannounced, closed book and held on Monday or Friday promptly at 11:00 and ending ≈11:20; the lowest quiz grade will be dropped (if you miss any quizzes for any reason, drop up to one). Content for quizzes will be through approximately one week before.

Quiz Grade Credit is designed to improve your skills, review, and explain any previous errors for the quiz from the previous week. On Wednesdays after receipt of graded quiz, DUE AT THE BEGINNING OF CLASS, you may submit a single, corrected quiz problem for up to half of the missed points: a full, step-by-step methodology of the problem as well as an explanation of the original errors. Submit the original, graded quiz, and any corrections on the back or on separate paper. Attendance at Wednesday Recitation is required for additional Quiz Credit.

Exams will be held on the following Mondays: 2/21, 3/21 and 4/18. The final exam is scheduled for 8:00 am, Thursday, April 28. All exams are closed-book and include formula sheet, fundamental constants and periodic table. Content for exams is indicated on the Lecture Schedule. The highest exam score, including the final, is worth an additional 10%. Percentages and minimum letter grades are below.

Homework(≈14)            10%                              100-90     A, A–

Recitation                     5%                                89-80      B+, B, B–

Quizzes (n)                    20%                              79-70      C+, C, C–

Exams (3)                      30%                              69-60      D+, D, D–

Final Exam                    25%                              ≤59         F

Highest Exam                10%

Attendance, Make-up policy and Syllabus changes

No make-up quizzes or exams will be administered. For university-sanctioned absences or unanticipated absences accompanied by appropriate documentation, dropping up to one exam will be considered. Regular attendance is expected and crucial for satisfactory performance in this course. Any syllabus changes will be to the lecture schedule only, communicated on Blackboard via a modified lecture schedule/homework file.

COVID-19 Statement

During this pandemic period each student is expected to act in the best interest of the WU community by behaving responsibly to limit the spread of the COVID-19 virus. All students, faculty, and staff must wear masks inside buildings and classrooms, unless alone in a private office. All members of the campus community must follow campus guidance on masking. Please do not attend class if you have fever or any signs of the COVID virus; do not attend class if your roommate or someone you have close contact with acquires the virus and be respectful of others’ desire to remain COVID-free. Students who violate WU guidelines will be asked to comply. Continued failure to comply may result in referral to the Dean of Students Office as a student conduct violation.

If you haven’t already, please familiarize yourself with Winthrop’s Return to Learn protocols. Let’s do all we can to keep each other, and surrounding community, healthy!

COVID-Related Absence

Students should contact Health Services regarding a positive test, close contact, or enhanced COVID-like symptoms. Any student who has either tested positive, has COVID-like symptoms, or has close contact with someone who has COVID, must contact Health Services. Students should log in to the Medicat Patient Portal to schedule a TELEPHONE TRIAGE Appointment w/ COVID as the reason and upload the positive test result if applicable. Health Services will communicate with the student on what steps to take next, and if need be, the Dean of Students Office will get absence verification for required isolation and quarantine. Students who verify their absences through the Dean of Students Office often minimize any academic impact caused by missed class time. Health Services will only provide dates of absence, not medical information. Please note, residential students who test positive or are a close contact are expected to follow their personal COVID Quarantine and Isolation Plan.

Students with Disabilities/Need of Accommodations for Access

Winthrop University is dedicated to providing access to education. If you have a disability and require specific accommodations to complete this course, contact the Office of Accessibility (OA) at 803-323-3290 or Once you have your official notice of accommodations from the Office of Disability Services, please inform me as early as possible in the semester.

Campus Resources for Online Learners

Students who are enrolled in hybrid/online courses are entitled to the same campus resources available to on-campus students. These resources included admissions counseling, library, student services, and recreational facilities. A list of these resources is provided in the Blackboard Tutorials & Campus Resources, found in Blackboard.

Course Communication

1.     Plan to be “present” in the course by logging in at least 3-4 times weekly and completing all assignments on time.

2.     For email, it is essential that you use your Winthrop account; Bb and Slack use only your WU credentials. Approximate response times: Bb few days, email one day, Slack most immediate. On weekends, expect longer response times, up to ≈48 hours.

3.     If you have a general question that might be asked by other students, please use the “Ask the Instructor” Bb forum or Slack channel. Questions specific to a particular lab assignment, technique or analysis should be directed to the appropriate Slack channel.

4.     In the spirit of a learning community, students are encouraged to help each other by responding to questions from other students.

5.     When interacting with your fellow students online, in Bb forums, Slack or email, remember to communicate with the same level of clarity, professionalism and respect that you would practice in face to face communication.

6.     If you are participating in a live video conference, present yourself in a professional manner, with attention to your voice clarity, sound quality, lighting and film environment.

7.     For backup purposes, compose messages and posts in a word processor, then copy and paste the message into the discussion or message.

8.     For private messages to the instructor or another student, only use Winthrop email.

Student Responsibilities in an Online Course

Many students find that responsibilities for online courses differ significantly from traditional courses. The following statements outline some of your basic responsibilities for this course. If you believe you will have difficulty meeting these responsibilities, it is essential that we find a way to maximize your learning experience. Please be in contact with me about any challenges, and pledge the following:

1.     I will ask questions immediately if I don't understand instructions or due dates for assignments.

2.     I will organize my time in order to complete assignments in a thoughtful and on-time manner.

3.     I understand that failure of technology is not an excuse for turning assignments in late.

4.     I will review the technical support information in the Blackboard Tutorials & Campus Resources and Introduction modules, contacting support services as needed.

5.     I understand that there are other sources of technology for me to use if my primary source fails, such as libraries, campus labs, or friends' computers.

6.     I will participate fully in assignments by following the instructions, responding to my lab partners respectfully and completing my contributions on time.

7.     I will log in to class at least 3 times per week and spend an appropriate amount of time each week completing course materials.

Lecture Schedule

Synchronous instruction 11:00-12:15, [online in brackets]

Quantum Mechanics and Statistical Thermodynamics – Particle in a Box, Harmonic Oscillator, Rigid Rotor, Hydrogen, Helium




1/10 M


Syllabus, classical physics, atomic structure, photoelectric effect, particle-wave duality

1/12 W



[1/14 F]

9.8-11, 10.1-2

DeBroglie equation, Quantum theory, Bohr model, wave functions

1/17 M


No class (MLK Holiday)

1/19 W


Operators, uncertainty principle, Schrödinger equation, probability, normalization, expectation value

[1/21 F]


Procedures for finding wave functions, particle in a box, particle in a box, tunneling, 3D particle in a box, degeneracy

1/24 M

18.7-18.8, 17.6

Degeneracy, partition functions, translational partition function

1/26 W



[1/28 F]

11.1-11.8, 18.4

Harmonic oscillator, vibrational partition function

1/31 M


reduced mass, 2D rigid rotors

2/2 W



[2/4 F]

11.11, 18.5-6

Angular momentum operator, 3D rigid rotor, rotational partition function

2/7 M


Hydrogen atom wavefunctions

2/9 W



[2/11 F]


Hydrogen atom wavefunctions

Bonding – Qualitative Models, Approximations, Computational Chemistry




2/14 M


Stern-Gerlach experiment, spin, spin orbitals, helium atom, Pauli principle

2/16 W



[2/18 F]


Slater determinants, Aufbau principle, perturbation theory, variational principle

2/21 M


EXAM I (material through Chapter 11)

2/23 W



[2/25 F]


Linear variation theory, LCAO – atomic orbitals, basis sets

2/28 M

12.10-12.13, 15.5-6

LCAO-molecular orbital theory, Born-Oppenheimer, molecular orbitals, Hückel approximation, p systems

3/2 W



[3/4 F]


Computational chemistry

3/7 M


Molecular symmetry, operators and point groups, character tables, small molecule bonding

3/9 W



Spectroscopy and Statistical Thermodynamics – Vibrational, Rotational, Electronic




[3/11 F]


Transition moment, selection rules, Morse potential, rotational spectroscopy, rovibrational spectroscopy, symmetry and vibrational/Raman spectroscopy

3/14 M – 3/18 F


No class (Spring Break)

3/21 M


EXAM II (material through Chapter 13)

3/23 W



[3/25 F]

14.13-14.18, 18.3

Symmetry and vibrational/Raman spectroscopy, electronic partition functions

3/28 M


Atomic spectroscopy, term symbols, selection rules, molecular spectroscopy

3/30 W



[4/1] F


Absorption/emission spectroscopy, Einstein coefficients

4/4 M


Line broadening, fluorescence/phosphorescence, stimulated emission, lasers

Materials and Solid State Chemistry




4/6 W



4/8 F

21.1-21.6, 21.9, Smart*

Lattices, symmetry, space groups, Bragg equation, X-ray diffraction,

4/11 M

21.9, Smart*

Reciprocal space, structure factors, close packed structures, systematic absences

4/13 W



[4/15 F]

21.9, Smart*

Metallic bonding, semiconductors, band theory, doping, p-n junction, transistors

4/18 M


EXAM III (material through Chapter 15)

4/20 W



[4/22 F]


Intrinsic defects, nonstoichiometry, thermodynamics of defects extrinsic defects

4/25 M


Superconductivity, ionic conductivity, solid electrolytes, batteries, fuel cells

8:00 4/28 R


FINAL EXAM (cumulative)

*Hehre, W. Computational Chemistry, in Quantum Chemistry & Spectroscopy; Engel. T.; Pearson: New York, 2013; pp 339-394.

*Smart, L.E. and Moore, E.A. Solid State Chemistry: An Introduction, 3rd. ed.; Taylor & Francis: New York, 2005; pp 155-242, 293-312, 355-376. (chapters 4,5,8,11)